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Chapter 8 : HỒ DYNASTY

In late 14th century, the Trần Dynasty fell into decadence and the country was on the verge of a crisis. Power was gradually gathered in the hand of Senior Courtier Hồ Quý Ly (1336-1407). In 1400, Hồ Quý Ly deposed the Trần emperor and founder a new dynasty. He renamed the kingdom Đại Ngu (Great Prosperity) and moved the [...]

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Chapter 9 : MING DOMINATION

Nobles of the Trần Dynasty and local leaders rose up in arms everywhere, from plains to midlands and the mountainous areas. The largest and most enduring insurrection, Lam Sơn, was launched and led by Lê Lợi (1385-1433) in 1418. After ten years, in 1428, Lam Sơn insurgent troops liberated Thăng Long and regained the national independence. Chinese invaders were driven [...]

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Chapter 10 : LATER LÊ DYNASTY

Lê Lợi became the emperor and the kingdom was named Đại Việt (Great Viet) again, with its capital in Thăng Long. The Posterior Lê, the most long-lasting dynasty in our national history, was established, experiencing the largest number of upheavals. The Lê adopted Confucianism as its orthodox ideology to govern the kingdom, so that Buddhism and Taoism were constrained [...]

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Chapter 11 : MẠC DYNASTY

After the death of Emperor Lê Thánh Tông, the Court became corrupted. Benighted and brutal, like Lê Uy Mục and Lê Tương Dực, appeared, pushing people into a dark and miserable life. Peasant-led rebels took place throughout the kingdom. Seizing this chance, Mạc Đăng Dung (1483-1541), a general in the court of emperor Lê Chiêu Tông (ruling from 1516 [...]

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